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Friday, March 7, 2008

NEW NEPAL THAT THE MAOISTS ARE PLANNING


Source: the himalayan times
For presidential, three-tier political system, 11 states.

The CPN-Maoist today made public its election manifesto.
Party chairman Prachanda unveiled the manifesto with the theme “New Ideology and New Leadership for a New Nepal.”
The manifesto proposes a three-tier political structure — centre, autonomous federal states and local bodies — with specific rights and responsibility among them.
The party has proposed 11 autonomous federal states and two other sub-states within them keeping in mind the country’s ethnic composition, geographical contiguity, linguistic base and economic viability.
Seti-Mahakali and Bheri-Karnali federal states have been proposed based on their geographical appropriateness while the rest — Magarat, Tharuwan, Tamuwan, Newa:, Tamsaling, Kirat, Limbuwan, Kochila and Madhes — have been proposed based on ethnicity (See the map). Within the Madhes autonomous state, three sub-states — Mithila, Bhojpura and Awadh — have also been proposed on linguistic basis.
The party has proposed making the country’s president more powerful than the PM. The party has proposed electing the executive president directly by the people while the PM shall be elected by MPs.
There shall be a bicameral legislature at the centre and unicameral legislature in federal states. Members of the Lower House of the central legislature shall be elected on the basis of population of the given districts while the Upper House shall have an equal members from all the federal states.
The president shall act as head of state, commander-in-chief of the national army and the chief executive. The PM shall bear the responsibility of the government and its daily administration. There shall be a governor and a chief minister in each of the federal autonomous states.
There shall be three-tier judicial structures: Supreme Court, High Courts and district courts followed by civil courts and reconciliation centres. The SC shall be developed as an institution to resolve the serious legal, constitutional and inter-states issues, disputes between the states on sharing and utilisation of national resources and means.
The centre shall have control over the security of international border, military management, foreign relations, inter-s-tate trade and commerce, monetary policy and central bank, customs
revenue, mega hydro-power projects, railways, airw-ays and national highways, central universities and weights.
Rest of other rights shall remain on the state governments. The issues of local transportation, local taxation, education, sanitation and utilisation of local resources shall be handled by the local elected bodies.
Making public the manifesto, party chairman Prachanda said it largely reflected the dreams of a new Nepal that they had seen during the decade-old People’s War. Dr Baburam Bhattarai who drafted the paper said the framework of a new Nepal was based on giving utmost priority to “nationalism, federalism and economic transformation” of the country.

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