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Tuesday, March 18, 2008

Nepal Election News

The European Union (EU) Election Observation Mission (EOM) has stressed on an atmosphere free of violence and intimidation in the upcoming election to Constituent Assembly (CA).

Head of the EU EOM Jan Mulder said at a press conference in Kathmandu on Tuesday that the political parties and other all stakeholders have responsibility to ensure that there would be appropriate environment for the polls and people could exercise their democratic right to vote freely.

Mulder said the main mandate given to the EU EOM was to observe if the polls were held in a free and fair manner by meeting the international norms and standards. The mission has already started mobilizing the observers.

He informed that the EU EOM was going to mobilise 120 observers to take account of situation for the elections. The mission will also coordinate with international and domestic organisations working to observe poll so that polls will be monitored well in the remote areas, according him.

The mission will be observing the activities like poll campaigns, voting process the and general environment, according him.

When asked if the polls would be reasonably free in the present context, he said that making a clear assessment at the moment would be premature.

He also made it clear that the EU EOM would not comment on what might happen after the CA polls.

Mulder said that the mission would make public its preliminary report on its findings right after the CA elections and the final report would be published after two months of the end of electoral process.

Source: Nepalnews

Election in Nepal

he Election Commission (EC) has made the closed-list of candidates for proportional representation based election public.

The EC has made public the list of 6000 candidates of 54 political parties.

The EC has allotted till March 25 for filing protests against any candidate.

The political parties were asked to file closed-list of their PR candidates by including specific percentage for Madhesis, Janajatis, women, Dalit and backward groups.

According to a press release by the EC, 3068 of the candidates in the list are women. There are 1981 Madhesi candidates; 680 Dalits; 2138 Janajatis; 183 from backward regions; and 1750 from other groups. "Since each individual might represent multiple groups, the total of these numbers might exceed the total number of the candidates in the closed-list," states the release.

The EC has stated that although 55 parties had filed closed-list, Rastriya Janabhawana Party has been disqualified for presenting flouting the legal provisions.

Of the total 601 seats of Constituent Assembly (CA), 335 candidates will be elected based on PR election.
Source : Nepalnews

Friday, March 7, 2008

NEW NEPAL THAT THE MAOISTS ARE PLANNING


Source: the himalayan times
For presidential, three-tier political system, 11 states.

The CPN-Maoist today made public its election manifesto.
Party chairman Prachanda unveiled the manifesto with the theme “New Ideology and New Leadership for a New Nepal.”
The manifesto proposes a three-tier political structure — centre, autonomous federal states and local bodies — with specific rights and responsibility among them.
The party has proposed 11 autonomous federal states and two other sub-states within them keeping in mind the country’s ethnic composition, geographical contiguity, linguistic base and economic viability.
Seti-Mahakali and Bheri-Karnali federal states have been proposed based on their geographical appropriateness while the rest — Magarat, Tharuwan, Tamuwan, Newa:, Tamsaling, Kirat, Limbuwan, Kochila and Madhes — have been proposed based on ethnicity (See the map). Within the Madhes autonomous state, three sub-states — Mithila, Bhojpura and Awadh — have also been proposed on linguistic basis.
The party has proposed making the country’s president more powerful than the PM. The party has proposed electing the executive president directly by the people while the PM shall be elected by MPs.
There shall be a bicameral legislature at the centre and unicameral legislature in federal states. Members of the Lower House of the central legislature shall be elected on the basis of population of the given districts while the Upper House shall have an equal members from all the federal states.
The president shall act as head of state, commander-in-chief of the national army and the chief executive. The PM shall bear the responsibility of the government and its daily administration. There shall be a governor and a chief minister in each of the federal autonomous states.
There shall be three-tier judicial structures: Supreme Court, High Courts and district courts followed by civil courts and reconciliation centres. The SC shall be developed as an institution to resolve the serious legal, constitutional and inter-states issues, disputes between the states on sharing and utilisation of national resources and means.
The centre shall have control over the security of international border, military management, foreign relations, inter-s-tate trade and commerce, monetary policy and central bank, customs
revenue, mega hydro-power projects, railways, airw-ays and national highways, central universities and weights.
Rest of other rights shall remain on the state governments. The issues of local transportation, local taxation, education, sanitation and utilisation of local resources shall be handled by the local elected bodies.
Making public the manifesto, party chairman Prachanda said it largely reflected the dreams of a new Nepal that they had seen during the decade-old People’s War. Dr Baburam Bhattarai who drafted the paper said the framework of a new Nepal was based on giving utmost priority to “nationalism, federalism and economic transformation” of the country.
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